Americký prezident

Bitva o Bílý dům

Představení hry

Vybavení:

  • 4 sady pyramidek
  • balíček karet U.S. Prezident 

Počet hráčů: 2-6

Věk hráčů: 8-99

Obvyklá délka hry: 20 minut

for English rulues roll down

Pravidla

Cílem hry je získat absolutní většinu volitelů. 

Příprava

Každý hráč dostane 4 sady pyramidek zvolené barvy, tery 4 velké, 4 střední a 4 malé pyramidky jedné barvy, celkem 12 pyramidek.

Na stůl položte herní plán.

Každý hráč dostane mini-karty ve své barvě. Na kartách jsou symboly velké, střední a malé pyramidky a 11 států USA (tzv. Swing states), ve kterých se tyto prezidentské volby rozhodnou.

Zamíchejte 11  karet států USA. Každý z hráčů dostane jednu kartu. (Vlastnictví karty znamená, že hráč v daném státě vede před soupeři a může v tuto chvíli počítat s hlasy volitelů z tohoto státu.)

11 klíčových států

V této hře se hraje o 145 volitelů z níže uvedených 11 států. V deseti státech stačí k vítězství prostá většina (a v případě remízi karta státu), na Floridě je třeba vyhrát s náskokem alespoň dvou bodů, jinak floridští volitelé "propadají".

  • Montana - 3
  • Nevada - 6
  • Iowa - 6
  • Colorado - 9
  • Wisconsin - 10
  • Virginia - 13
  • North Carolina - 15
  • Michigan - 16
  • Ohio - 18
  • Pennsylvania - 20
  • Florida - 29?

Vlastní hra

Hra je rozdělená na dvanáct kol, představujících posledních 12 týdnů prezidentské kampaně. 

V každém kole zvolí hráč jeden ze států Unie (připraví si příslušnou mini-kartu) a rozhodne se, kolik do tohoto státu bude investovat (vybere si velkou pyramidku za 3 body, střední pyramidku za 2 body nebo malou pyramidku za 1 bod). 

Až si všichni hráči promyslí svůj tah, v jednu chvíli odhalí svou volbu. 

Na mapu USA na příslušné místo hráči položí zvolené pyramidky. 

Pokud některý z hráč dosáhne svým tahem ve zvoleném státu Unie prostou většinu bodů, získá kartu takového státu. 

POZOR! Do každého státu může každý z hráčů investovat pouze tři pyramidky (na velikosti nezáleží).

Konec hry

V okamžiku, kdy budou investovány všechny pyramidky (na konci dvanáctého kola), nastává počítání volitelů.

Každý hráč si spočítá, kolik volitelů mu zajistí státy, jejichž karty získal. 

  • Pokud některý z hráčů získal 73 volitelů a více - zvítězil a stává se americkým prezidentem.
  • Pokud žádný z hráčů nezískal alespoň 73 volitelů, vypadne ze hry hráč s nejnižším počtem získaných volitelů. A nastane "přepočítávání". Každou z karet států drženou právě eliminovaným hráčem získá vždy ten, kdo obsadil v daném státu "druhé místo". Pokud by bylo takových hráčů více, odloží se karta tohoto státu stranou. (Totéž platí v případě, že by na Floridě nezískal vítěz či jeho náhradník náskok alespoň dvou bodů.)
  • Pokud v tento okamžik dosáhl některý z hráčů 73 a více volitelů, zvítězil. V opačném případě se "přepočítávání" opakuje tak dlouho, dokud některý z hráčů nezíská 73 a více volitelů nebo pokud nezůstane ve hře sám.


Ukázku hry najdete na této stránce níže.



English Rules

Introduction

U.S. President is Easy-Fast-Fun game with pyramids.

With 4 sets of pyramids you will go through the last 12 weeks of U.S. presidential election campaign.

Elections as a game

  • At the beginning every player has a lead in some of swing states. (Deal cards)
  • Players invest their funds to ads and try to convince voters in swing states. (Place one pyramid per round.)
  • On Election Day all votes are counted, and the winner becomes the new president. (Players count electors of swing states they secured.)


Modified map and State cards

Eleven key or swing states are marked on the modified map of U.S.A. to send the total of 145 electors.

Each of the eleven key states has its State card, which indicates the number of electors in the State.

  • Montana - 3
  • Nevada - 6
  • Iowa - 6
  • Colorado - 9
  • Wisconsin - 10
  • Virginia - 13
  • North Carolina - 15
  • Michigan - 16
  • Ohio - 18
  • Pennsylvania - 20
  • Florida - 29 (but be sure you have sufficient lead according to the rules)


Awards

US President is the winner of the Game of the year 2013 Competition (Czech fan-organized competition open for all games with pyramids).

The objective of the game

The objective of the game is to gain an absolute majority of at least 73 electors in key states and become the U.S. President.

The real background of the game

The game is a simulation of the U.S. presidential elections campaign.

Presidential elections in the USA are quite complicated. Each of the States of the Union sends a certain number of electors, which corresponds to the population of the state. In practice, the winner in each state receives votes of all the electors of the state. Most states are safely Republican or Democratic. Therefore, the elections are repeatedly decided in several so-called "swing states", or "key states". We picked eleven of these for our game.

Preparation of the game


Pyramids

Each player chooses his or her color and takes all 12 pyramids of that color.

Small pyramids represent 1 victory point, medium pyramids represent 2 victory points, and large pyramids represent 3 victory points in the game.

State cards

Shuffle all State cards and deal them equally to all players. As 11 is a prime number, some State cards will remain undealt. Place these cards alongside of the modified map of the USA.

During the game, the player who has the actual lead (simple majority of victory points in the State), takes the State card. The holder loses the State card only in case another player gets more victory points in that State. If the opponent gets only equal amount of victory points, the State card remains by its actual holder.

Florida judicial recount

Experienced players can notice the fact that Florida state sends significantly more electors (29). But beware, Florida is an odd state, in which the outcome of the election may be decided by judicial recount. Therefore, you get the Florida's electors only if you have a lead at least of two victory points.

NOTE: If only one player has pyramids in Florida, he or she still have to have at least one middle pyramid or two small pyramids there to secure requested two victory points lead.

The game


The move

In the game, all players play simultaneously.

In every round, a player secretly choose two MiniCards to indicate:

  • the size of one of his pyramids he or she plans to place
  • and the swing state wher he or she wishes to place the pyramid.

After all players chose their pair of MiniCards (one for a state and one for a size of pyramid), their place their pyramids on the map.

If you obtain a simple majority of the victory points in the swing state, take the State card of the concerned State.

Public control

The number and the size of remaining pyramids is a matter of public knowledge, no one can hide his or her pyramids yet to be played.

The ownership of State cards is also a matter of public knowledge and nobody can hide possesed State cards. Cards should be placed in such a way that even the number of electors written on cards remains visible.

Spending limitation

There is one important limitation in the game. Any player can place only 3 pyramids into one state. The size of pyramids doesn't matter.

Counting of electors

After the last round each player counts the number of electors he or she secured in the game.

To decide who wins the game and become the U.S. president, follow these criterias till you meet the right one:

  1. If a player secured 73 or more electors, he or she wins the game, becomes the U.S. president and the game ends.
  2. If none of the players secured required 73 electors:
    1. The weakest player leaves the game. (If more players secured the same lowest number of electors, all such players leave the game at once.)
    2. All electors of the State won by the leaving player, go to the player, who is the second strongest in that State. For the sake of clarity, the leaving player passes his State cards to their new holders. (When it is undecidable, who is the second strongest player in the State, as more players secured the same amount of victory points it the State, none of the players gest the State card. This State card is placed alongside the modified map of the USA till the next re-count.
  3. If no player secured an absolute majority of the electors at this moment, the actual weakest player leaves the game and players repeat the recount as described in the Section 2. (Remaining players can now get State cards placed alongside the modified map if applicable.)
  4. All this repeats until:
  • one of the players obtains absolute majority of electors and wins the game,
  • or there is no winner of the game

With a little help from my friends...

Helena Divecká, Karel Kupka, Petr and Ester Karas, Gafna Váňová, Manka Klímová, Jakub Rumpl, Jindra Polák, Tomáš Pasternak and others.

Example


Four friends - example

Let's go through a game of four friends - Red, Blue, Yellow and Green to see who will become an American president this time.

The last pyramid was put and the counting starts.

States division:

  • MO - 3 Blue
  • NV - 6 Yellow
  • IA - 6 Blue
  • CO - 9 Green
  • WI - 10 Yellow
  • VA - 13 Red
  • NC - 15 Blue
  • MI - 16 Green
  • OH - 18 Red
  • PA - 20 Green
  • FL - 29 None (Lead less then 2 points)

Electors division:

  • Red 31
  • Blue 24
  • Yellow 16
  • Green 45


So none of the players secured requested 73 electors. It means that the weakest player have to leave the game. The weakest player is Yellow. (The reason for his poor result is that his lead in Florida was not big enough to secure Florida´s 29 electors.)

First re-count

Two states hold by Yellow have to go to players on the second positions there. Wisconsin to Green and Nevada to Red. And the most important, Florida to Red. Red leads 5 to Greens 2 in Florida and he secured its 29 electors.

Electors division after first re-count:

  • Red 66 (OH 18 + VA 13 + NV 6 + FL 29)
  • Blue 24 (NC 15 + IA 6 + MT 3)
  • Yellow 0
  • Green 55 (PA 20 + MI 16 + CO 9 + WI 10 )

So even now none of the players secured requested 73 electors. It means that the weakest player have to leave the game again. The weakest player is now Blue. (The reason may be he got no States from Yellow in the first re-count.)

Second re-count

Three states hold by Blue have to go to players on the second positions there. North Carolina to Green, Montana to Red and Iowa to none of them as they have no pyramids there at all.

So even now after second re-count neither Red nor Green secured requested 73 electors. It means that the weakest player have to leave the game again. The weakest player is now Red. (The reason may be he has no pyramid in Iowa to win its electors.)

Third re-count

  • Red: 69
  • Green: 70

Five states hold by Red will go to Green, if he has there at least one small pyramid. Ohio - yes, Virginia - yes, Nevada - no, Florida - yes, Montana - no. In Florida has Green a middle pyramid, so he secured Florida´s electors.

Green secured requested more then 73 electors after third re-count and becomes the U.S. President.